Public Health

What is Public Health ?

Public health is defined as the “science and art of preventing disease.” The aim of public health is to prolong life and well-being by creating an organized effort to improve sanitation and prevent the spread of disease. Simply put, the goal of public health is to keep society from getting sick.

There are two main aspects of public health initiatives: prevention and treatment. Common public health initiatives to prevent disease and treat victims include:

  • Immunization of children.

  • Providing regular updates on disease outbreaks and spread.

  • Researching diseases and developing vaccines or cures.

  • Screening people for diseases.

  • Keeping our communities clean and unpolluted.

  • Providing health services to underserved areas.

  • Encouraging the reduction of unhealthy behaviors like smoking, drinking, and drug use.

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  • Promoting healthy behaviors like exercise, nutritious diet, and stress reduction.

How Diseases Are Contracted

Although the odds of contracting a serious illness have been relatively low in modern times, there are still many ways that diseases, infections, and illnesses can spread. For instance:

  • Escherichia coli (E. coli) can be contracted by consuming contaminated food or water.

  • Tetanus can be spread through cuts r wounds from infected objects (like rusty metal).

  • HIV/AIDS is spread through infected blood or unsafe sexual contact.

  • Malaria is most often spread through mosquito bites.

  • Salmonellosis can be contracted after consuming undercooked meats, or by being exposed to an infected animal such as a cat, dog, or reptile.

  • Lyme disease is most commonly spread through tick bites.

Alcohol Poisining

This article was brought to you by one of our worldwide contributors, Edward Dunn from Addiction Rehab Treatment

Edwards works with Addiction Rehab Treatment; By creating awareness about alcohol poisoning and flagging the very dangerous consequences to prevent and react accordingly when faced with it.

Because of how alcohol is metabolized in the body, consuming excessive amounts of alcohol in a short time can be deadly. Respiratory, heart rate, body temperature, and gag reflex might all be adversely affected and could lead to a coma or death in some instances.

It is also possible for adults or children to accidentally or intentionally consume alcohol-containing household products, resulting in alcohol poisoning. Knowing what to do and how to go about if somebody in your presence or at a social event shows signs of alcohol poisoning is helpful and may even save a life.

Who is At Risk of Alcohol Poisoning?

Alcohol poisoning can happen to anyone, regardless of age, gender, weight, or alcohol tolerance. Alcohol poisoning is caused by drinking large quantities of alcohol in a short space of time.

Signs of Alcohol Poisoning

  • Confusion, incoherence, and stupor

  • Unconsciousness or coma

  • Unresponsiveness

  • Vomiting, that often continues even if the person is unconscious

  • Erratic or drastically slowed breathing

  • Low body temperature

  • Seizures

  • Pale or blue-tinged skin color

Treatment for Alcohol Poisoning

Some people may be embarrassed or scared to visit an emergency room to get help for a friend that they suspect has alcohol poisoning.However, the risk of embarrassment, cost, or reproach from friends and family is far lower than the risk of death.Although the person with suspected alcohol poisoning must go to the hospital immediately, there are some steps to take while en route or waiting for an ambulance:

  • Ensure that the person stays on their side if they are lying down, to reduce the risk of death from choking on vomit

  • Monitor their breathing and try to keep them conscious if possible

  • Never leave the individual alone or unattended

For a dedicated learning about Alcohol Poisoning and how to prevent, visit this reference

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